Social conditions of voluntary retirement scheme opted employees among selected large steel manufacturing organizations


  • Shumaela Naeem Syeda Department of Management, Mohammad Ali Jauhar University, Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India,
  • Rajendra Prasad Das IGNOU2, New Delhi, India


Family members, opted employees, social conditions, voluntary retirement


Purpose: With the advent of NEP, 1991, the Indian economy has transformed due to liberalization, privatization,
and globalization. It has shown clear indication to corporate for technology upgradation, cost competitiveness, and
workforce rightsizing, with greater emphasis on quality. However, due to the prevailing protectionist labor laws,
the corporate has preferred voluntary retirement scheme (VRS) for right sizing their workforce. Nevertheless, the
negligence of the managements, during implementation of VRS, has not only led to the financial losses for corporate
but also transformed the lives of VRS opted employees in an unconstructive direction. To analyze the impact of VRS
over the social conditions of employees, the present study has been conducted. Research Methodology: For the
purpose of research, 311 VRS opted employees of large steel manufacturing organizations have been selected. The
effect of various independent factors such as family members, friends, relatives, neighbor, social attendance, lifestyle,
and financial conditions over the social conditions of VRS opted employees has been studied in detail. Further, for
testing hypothesis, the appropriate statistical techniques such as paired t-test and independent sample t-test have
been applied. Findings: It has been found that VRS had negatively impact the social conditions of a section of VRS
opted employees and their family members. As, paired t-test has established a significant difference in the social
organizational membership of sampled VRS opted employees before and after opting VRS. Implications: Therefore,
it has been suggested that management may consider VRS as the last available option, while ensuring the voluntary
nature of the scheme. Originality: Until now, no researcher has done, such an in-depth research study in the concern
area. The literature on the subject is rarely available. Moreover, the previous researchers have not provided the
adequate solutions to the existing research problem.


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How to Cite

Shumaela Naeem Syeda, & Rajendra Prasad Das. (2021). Social conditions of voluntary retirement scheme opted employees among selected large steel manufacturing organizations. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 12(3), 19–28. Retrieved from