Enhancing HR Outcomes through Best HR Practices and Organisational Commitment: A Conceptual Schema for SMEs


  • Naveed R Khan Faculty of Management and Economics University Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjong Malim, Malaysia.
  • Marinah Awang Faculty of Management and Economics University Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjong Malim, Malaysia.
  • Che Mohd Zulkifli Faculty of Management and Economics University Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjong Malim, Malaysia.


HR practices, Organizational commitment, HR outcomes, Conceptual model, SME


The aim of this paper is to study the in-depth context of HR outcomes and organizational commitment linked with best HR practices and proposed a framework of HR practices to elucidate its influence on OC and HRO in small and medium-sized enterprises. A comprehensive review of current literature is used to develop the ground for this paper. Six HR practices are selected to examine its impact on OC and HRO. Based upon number of different empirical approaches the conceptual framework and propositions are developed to test the relationships between HR practices, and OC and HRO in SME. These findings provide a basis for developing a model to advance the HRP, OC and HRO in SME. The proposed conceptual framework should be test empirically across the SME sectors in different businesses and industries and results from different geographical and cultural settings may also be explore. This study could be of practical value for SMEs owner/ managers, who want to maximize the OC and HRO through effective implementation of HR practices that support their organization. This paper makes a significant contribution by developing a conceptual framework to maximize the OC and HRO through HRP in SMEs.


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How to Cite

Naveed R Khan, Marinah Awang, & Che Mohd Zulkifli. (2022). Enhancing HR Outcomes through Best HR Practices and Organisational Commitment: A Conceptual Schema for SMEs. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 4(1), 24–32. Retrieved from https://ijcms.in/index.php/ijcms/article/view/507