Role of entrepreneurship in bringing social change: A comparative analysis between Maharashtra and Bihar


  • Dr. Sushil Gadekar Assistant Professor, Dr. Ambedker Institute of Management Studies and Research. Nagpur, India


Entrepreneurship, Maharashtra, Bihar, Economic growth, Social change


Purpose: The current study intends to analyze the impact of entrepreneurship on social change in two Indian states such as Maharashtra and Bihar. Entrepreneurship is often identified with capitalism while the current study analyzes its impact on society through the available data. The current study is a first of its kind in this aspect as the studies conducted earlier focused on the economic aspects of the state. Methodology: The current review analyzes the secondary information collected from various government reports of the state and the union, research papers, theses, web articles, and books published earlier. This narrative review article intends to identify the role played by entrepreneurship on social change in these two states. Findings: The study findings provide knowledgeable insights about the role played by entrepreneurship in the state of Maharashtra, the second-highest industrialized state in the country and top contributor of the Indian economy for more than a decade. Bihar, being one of the lowest performers in terms of economic indicators, the state is also suffering from social indicators that have been exposed by the data. Implications: The study provides a bird’s eye view of the socio-economic aspects of both states and provides recommendations for the state of Bihar to improve the existing performance. Originality: The study is a novel attempt to analyze how entrepreneurship positively affects the social structure of the state.


Amartya, L., and Kei-Mu, Y. (2005). A Tale of Two States: Maharashtra and West Bengal. Retrieved from:

Anshika, A. (2021). Social change and its relevance in the present context, International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts, 9(10), 612-617.

Banerjee, A. (2021). Social Change in Independent India. West Bengal: The University of Burdwan.

Bansal, S., Garg, I., and Sharma, G.D. (2019). Social entrepreneurship as a path for social change and driver of sustainable development: A Systematic review and research Agenda. Sustainability, 11, 1091. doi: 10.3390/su11041091

Cavalcanti, M.F.R. (2021). Social entrepreneurship and social change: A practice-based study in non-governmental organizations. RAUSP Management Journal, 56(2), 170-185. doi: 10.1108/RAUSP-05-2020-0091

Chaturvedi, S., Randive, B., Pathak, A., Agarkhedkar, S, Tillu, G., Darmstadt, G.L., and Patwardhan, B. (2020). Prevalence and perceptions of infant massage in India: study from Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh states. BMC Pediatrics, 20(1), 512. doi: 10.1186/s12887-020-02416-y

Chawla, S., Rahman, A., Sharma, S., and Lai, K.K. (2022). Human Development Index Among States of India: An Empirical Study. In 7th North American International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management. Orlando, Florida, USA, p2046-2053. Retrieved from:

Comptroller and Auditor General of India. (2023). State Finances Audit Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India For the Year Ended 31 March 2022. Retrieved from:

Conerly, T.R., Holmes, K., and Tamang, A.L. (2021). Introduction to Sociology 3e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Retrieved from:

Dyson, T., and Maharatna, A. (1992). Bihar Famine, 1966-67 and Maharashtra Drought, 1970-73: The demographic consequences. Economic and Political Weekly, 27(26), 1325-1332.

Haugh, H.M., and Talwar, A. (2016). Linking social entrepreneurship and social change: The mediating role of empowerment. Journal of Business Ethics, 133(4), 643-658. doi: 10.1007/s10551-014-2449-4

Healy, K. (1998). Social Change: Mechanisms and Metaphors. Retrieved from:

IBEF. (2022). Maharashtra State Report. Retrieved from: [Last accessed on 2024 Jan 08].

IBEF. (2023). Bihar State Report. Retrived from:

ISDM. (2023). Is Social Entrepreneurship Revolutionizing India and Changing the World? Retrived from: [Last accessed on 2024 Jan 08].

Kumare, S.S. (2023). Comparative study of local governance of Maharashtra State and Telangana State. IJARIIE, 9(1), 1619-1621.

Ma, S. (2008). Sustainability of India’s Welfare System in the Context of Globalization: A Comparative Study of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. In: Southeast Conference of the Association for Asian Studies.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry. (2022). Assessment of States/UTs Based on Implementation of Business Reforms Action Plan for the Year 2020 Declared. Retrieved from:

Ministry of Education. (2023). All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2020-2021. Retrieved from:

Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises. (2022). Total SSI Sector. Retrieved from:

Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. (2020). State-Wise no. of Factories for 2019-20 as Per Annual Survey of Industries. Retrieved from:

Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. (2023). State-Wise Data on Per Capita Income. Retrieved from:

More, A., and Rakibe, V. (2023). Entrepreneurial orientation and business performance: An empirical study of SMEs in Nashik District of Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 14(2), 1-13.

National Institute of Open Schooling. Factors of Social Change. Retrieved from: [Last accessed on 2024 Jan 06].

Perrini, F., and Vurro, C. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: Innovation and social change across theory and practice bt-social entrepreneurship. In: J. Mair, J. Robinson, and K. Hockerts (eds). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. p57-85. doi: 10.1057/9780230625655_5

Potdar, V.V., Gaundare, Y.S., Khadse, J.R., Joshi, S., and Swaminathan, M. (2020). Socio-economic Survey of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Maharashtra States of Indian continent. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, 38(4), 75-81. doi: 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i430339

Press Information Bureau. (2022). FDI Inflow. Retrieved from:

Ramesh Kumar, C., and Jaya Praveen, C. (2017). Social women entrepreneurship-the effect of its determinants on entrepreneurial performance. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 8(2), 130-133.

RBI. (2023). Handbook of Statistics on Indian States. Retrieved from:

Roy, D., Sonkar, V.K., Singh, R.K., and Kumar, A. (2020). Comparative Study of Farmer Producer Organizations in Bihar and Maharashtra. Washington, DC: Institute for Food Policy and Research.

Servaes, J. (2011). Social Change. Oxford: Oxford Bibliographies Online [Preprint].

Sorensen, G., Gupta, P.C., Sinha, D.N., Shastri, S., Kamat, M., Pednekar, M.S., and Ramakrishnan, S. (2005). Teacher tobacco use and tobacco use prevention in two regions in India: Results of the global school personnel survey. Preventive Medicine, 41, 417-423. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.09.048

State Government of Bihar. (2023). Bihar Business Connect 2023-Invest Bihar. Retrieved from:

Surbhi, D. (2018). Social entrepreneurship: A key to social change. International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, 5(4), 1068-1075.

Suryanarayana, M.H. (2009). Intra-state economic disparities: Karnataka and Maharashtra. Economic and Political Weekly, 44(26/27), 215-223.

Swargiary, K. (2023). A Comprehensive Analysis of State-Wise Literacy Rates in India. Preprints. doi: 10.20944/preprints202310.1688.v1

Tewari, S. (2022). State-wise Distribution of Manufacturing Units and Employment in India: An Exploration from the Economic Census. Retrieved from:

Theophilus, A., and Jack, J. (2017). Social Change and Social Problems. Nigeria: Mase Perfect Prints. p491-526.

Unni, J., and Dev, P. (2021). How macroeconomic shocks impact employment: comparison of Gujarat with states in Western India. Journal of Social and Economic Development, 23(1), 199-211. doi: 10.1007/s40847-020-00123-z

Vadrot, A. (2020). Re-thinking the conditions for social change and innovation. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 33, 1-3. doi: 10.1080/13511610.2020.1713455

Wagoner, B., and Power, S.A. (2020). Social Change BT-The Palgrave Encyclopedia of the Possible. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p1-6. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-98390-5_143-1




How to Cite

Dr. Sushil Gadekar. (2024). Role of entrepreneurship in bringing social change: A comparative analysis between Maharashtra and Bihar. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 15(1), 10–18. Retrieved from